For introduction and working to bacula Please visit:

http://www.bacula.org/en/dev-manual/main/main/What_is_Bacula.html

Login as root

sudo -i
Enter password

Installation

apt-get install bacula-server bacula-console 

Editing bacula-dir.conf file.

To edit This file:

vi /etc/bacula/bacula-dir.conf

Define your bacula director here: keep the parameter Name = director-name and Password = “dir-password” in mind as this is to be used in all the configuration files. Comment DirAddress=127.0.0.1

# Default Bacula Director Configuration file

Director { # define myself
Name = director-name
DIRport = 9101
QueryFile = “/etc/bacula/scripts/query.sql”
WorkingDirectory = “/var/lib/bacula”
PidDirectory = “/var/run/bacula”
Maximum Concurrent Jobs = 1
Password = “dir-password”
Messages = Daemon
# DirAddress = 127.0.0.1
}

These are the client configuration files stored at the following location.

This is a backup job file.

@/etc/bacula/clients/backupjob.conf

This is a restore job file.

@/etc/bacula/clients/restorejob.conf

We define storage device parameters here. This is the storage device that bacula uses to store backups. Name = storage-sd, Address = 10.28.79.159 and Password field are needed to edit here. Storage name is important as same name should be used while defining a job.

# Definition of file storage device

Storage {
Name = storage-sd
# Do not use “localhost” here
Address = 10.28.79.159
SDPort = 9103
Password = “dir-password”
Device = FileStorage
Media Type = File
}

Define a catalog and database parameters here

# Generic catalog service

Catalog {
Name = MyCatalog
# Uncomment the following line if you want the dbi driver
# dbdriver = “dbi:sqlite3″; dbaddress = 127.0.0.1; dbport =
dbname = bacula; DB Address = “”; dbuser = “bacula”; dbpassword = “word2pass”
}

We will use Default pool. The parameter Name = Default is to be defined in jobs.

# Default pool definition

Pool {
Name = Default
Pool Type = Backup
Recycle = yes
AutoPrune = yes
Volume Retention = 365 days
}
# File Pool definition
Pool {
Name = mypool
Pool Type = Backup
Recycle = yes
AutoPrune = yes
Volume Retention = 365 days
Maximum Volume Bytes = 50G
Maximum Volumes = 100
}

Editing bacula-fd.conffile.

To edit This file:

vi /etc/bacula/bacula-fd.conf

The Name and Password will remain same as we defined in /etc/bacula/bacula-dir.conf

# List Directors who are permitted to contact this File daemon
Director {
Name = director-name
Password = “dir-password”
}
Important Parameter here is Name of filedaemon.
# “Global” File daemon configuration specifications
FileDaemon {
Name = filedaemon-name
FDport = 9102
WorkingDirectory = /var/lib/bacula
Pid Directory = /var/run/bacula
Maximum Concurrent Jobs = 20
# FDAddress = 127.0.0.1
}
# Send all messages except skipped files back to Director
Messages {
Name = Standard
director = director-name = all, !skipped, !restored
}

Edit bacula-sd.conf file.

To edit This file:

vi /etc/bacula/bacula-sd.conf

# Default Bacula Storage Daemon Configuration file

Important parameters are Name, it should be same as we defined in bacula-dit.conf and SDAddress should be commented out.

Storage {
Name = storage-sd
SDPort = 9103
WorkingDirectory = “/var/lib/bacula”
Pid Directory = “/var/run/bacula”
Maximum Concurrent Jobs = 20
# SDAddress = 127.0.0.1
}

Once again define the director here. Name and Password will remain same as we did in bacula-dir.conf

# List Directors who are permitted to contact Storage daemon
Director {
Name = director-name
Password = “dir-password”
}
# Devices supported by this Storage daemon

Important parameter here are Archive Device this is where all the backup volumes will be stored, Define a path that should have space and appropriate permissions and change AlwaysOpen to yes.

Device {
Name = FileStorage
Media Type = File
Archive Device = /backups
LabelMedia = yes;
Random Access = Yes;
AutomaticMount = yes;
RemovableMedia = no;
AlwaysOpen = yes;
}

BackupJob Definitions.

I created a directory clients in /etc/bacula and stored backup and retore jobs.

vi /etc/bacula/clients/backupjob.conf

The Important parameters are Name, Address, Catalog, Password. Use dir-password here in Password parameter . Get IP of the client to fill in Address parameter and Name should match while defining the Job parameters. Catalog was defined in bacula-dir.conf file, we will use same Catalog.

Client {

Name = client-name

Address = IP address of the client to be backed up

FDPort = 9102

Catalog = MyCatalog

Password = “dir-password”

File Retention = 30 days

Job Retention = 6 months

AutoPrune = yes

}

The File set contains the file while are to be backed up. Name and File parameters are important here. Name parameter is to be used while defining Job. And Files define the path of client directory which is to be backed up.

FileSet {

Name = “file-set”

Include {

Options {

signature = MD5

}

File = /htdocs

}

}

This is Job definition. Copy client-name from Client Definition, FileSet from FileSet Definition and Storage should be same as we defined in bacula-dir.conf. Type can be Backup/Restore. We are defining this job for backup right now. Pool will Default. Write Bootstrap File should exist at the path defined.

Job {

Name = Job-Name

Type = Backup

Client = client-name

FileSet = “file-set”

Storage = storage-sd

Pool = Default

Messages = Standard

Write Bootstrap = “/var/lib/bacula/mybootstrap.bsr”

}

RestoreJob Definitions.

I created a directory clients in /etc/bacula and stored backup and retore jobs.

vi /etc/bacula/clients/restorejob.conf

Restore Job definition will remain same as we did in backupjob but two parameters Type will be Restore and Where defines the location of restoration of files from backup volume.

Job {

Name = “restore job”

Type = Restore

Client = client-name

FileSet = “file-set”

Storage = storage-sd

Pool = Default

Messages = Standard

Where = /

# JobDefs = “FullBackupJob”

Write Bootstrap = “/var/lib/bacula/mybootstrap.bsr”

}

Edit bacula-fd.conf on client side.

vi /etc/bacula/bacula-fd.conf

Define director parameters. Same as we did in /etc/bacula/bacula-dir.conf.

# List Directors who are permitted to contact this File daemon

Director {

Name = director-name

Password = “dir-password”

}

The parameter FDAddress is to be commented out.

# “Global” File daemon configuration specifications

FileDaemon {

Name = filedaemon-name

FDport = 9102

WorkingDirectory = /var/lib/bacula

Pid Directory = /var/run/bacula

Maximum Concurrent Jobs = 10

# FDAddress = 127.0.0.1

}

# Send all messages except skipped files back to Director

Messages {

Name = Standard

director = director-name = all, !skipped, !restored

}

Now edit bconsole.conf

vi /etc/bacula/bconsole.conf

Director {

Name = director-name

DIRport = 9101

address = IP address of bacula server

Password = “dir-password”

}

Run bconsole and enter the following commands

bconsole

root@farhan:/usr/share/php/libzend-framework-php# bconsole

Connecting to Director 10.28.79.159:9101

1000 OK: nxb-dir Version: 5.0.1 (24 February 2010)

Enter a period to cancel a command.

*label

Automatically selected Catalog: MyCatalog

Using Catalog “MyCatalog”

Automatically selected Storage: nxb-sd

Enter new Volume name: nxb-sd

Defined Pools:

1: Default

2: File

3: Scratch

Select the Pool (1-3): 1

Connecting to Storage daemon nxb-sd at 10.28.79.159:9103 …

Sending label command for Volume “nxb-sd” Slot 0 …

3000 OK label. VolBytes=190 DVD=0 Volume=”nxb-sd” Device=”FileStorage” (/backups)

Catalog record for Volume “nxb-sd”, Slot 0 successfully created.

Requesting to mount FileStorage …

3001 OK mount requested. Device=”FileStorage” (/backups)

Webacula – Web based administration of bacula

Installation and configuration.

install apache and php libraries if not installed already other wise skip installation

apt-get install apache2 php5 libapache2-mod-php5 php5-mysql php5-gd

check of php is enabled

a2enmod php5

enable apache rewrite mod

a2enmod rewrite

create a dir in /var/www/webacula where webaula files will be stored

mkdir /var/www/webacula

cd /var/www/webacula

download webacula

wget -c http://dfn.dl.sourceforge.net/project/webacula/webacula/5.0.2/webacula-5.0.2.tar.gz

extract the downloaded application

tar -zxvf webacula-5.0.2.tar.gz

cd webacula-5.0.2

moving all the content of application from extracted dir to webacula

mv /var/www/webacula-5.0.2/* /var/www/webacula

change the ownership of webacula directory to apache user ‘www-data’.

chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/webacula

check the requirements and in case some of the requirements are missing install the required libraries.

apt-get install php5-cli

apt-get install php5-pgsql

sudo apt-get install libtool

php5 /var/www/webacula/install/check_system_requirements.php

Check System Requirements…

Current MySQL version = 5.0.51 OK

Current PHP version = 5.2.4-2ubuntu5.6 OK

php pdo installed. OK

php gd installed. OK

php xml installed. OK

php dom installed. OK

php pdo_mysql installed. OK

Warning. php pdo_pgsql extension not installed.

php-dom, php-xml installed. OK

install zend framework

apt-get install zend-framework

modify config.ini file of webacula.

vi /var/www/webacula/application/config.ini

in the general section add root user and passwd of mysql

[general]

db.adapter = PDO_MYSQL

db.config.host = localhost

db.config.username = root

db.config.password = word2pass

db.config.dbname = bacula

tmpdir = “/tmp”

These are the paths how bconsole is accessed from webacula. make sure that paths are correct.

bacula.sudo = “/usr/bin/sudo”

bacula.bconsole = “/usr/bin/bconsole”

bacula.bconsolecmd = “-n -c /etc/bacula/bconsole.conf”

This part of config.ini contains how webcula and sql are connected.

[webacula]

db.adapter = PDO_MYSQL

; db.adapter = PDO_PGSQL

db.config.host = localhost

db.config.username = wbuser

db.config.password = wbpass

db.config.dbname = webacula

change the group of bacula to www-data

usermod -aG bacula www-data

check the group of user bacula

cat /etc/group | grep bacula

output:

bacula:x:125:www-data

change the ownership and permissions of following

chown root:bacula /usr/bin/bconsole

chmod 750 /usr/bin/bconsole

chown root:bacula /etc/bacula/bconsole.conf

chmod 640 /etc/bacula/bconsole.conf

create a virtual host for webacula

vi /etc/apache2/sites-available/webacula

Alias “/webacula” “/var/www/webacula/html”

<directory “/var/www/webacula/html”>

Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

AllowOverride All

Order deny,allow

Allow from All

Allow from 192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0

AuthType Basic

AuthName “Webacula”

AuthUserFile /etc/apache2/webacula.users

Require valid-user

</directory>

enable site webacula and reload apache.

a2ensite webacula

/etc/init.d/apache2 reload

add a apache user that can login webacula

htpasswd -c /etc/apache2/webacula.users admin

New password:

Re-type new password:

edit your htaccess file to look like this.

vi /var/www/webacula/html/.htaccess

php_flag magic_quotes_gpc off

php_flag register_globals off

RewriteEngine On

RewriteBase /webacula

RewriteRule !\.(js|ico|gif|jpg|png|css)$ index.php

Reload Apache

/etc/init.d/apache2 reload

apachectl -t -D DUMP_MODULES 2>&1 | grep rewrite

rewrite_module (shared)

Login into mysql and create user, databases and give privileges.

mysql -u root -p

CREATE USER ‘wbuser’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘wbpass’;

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO ‘webacula’@’localhost’ WITH GRANT OPTION;

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

quit

edit ‘webacula_mysql_create_database.sh’ and enter the mysql information in the file.

vi /var/www/webacula/install/webacula_mysql_create_database.sh

db_user=”wbuser”

db_password=”wbpass”

host=”localhost”

add a line in visudo file for this

visudo

copy the line below and paste in the next line to “root ALL=(ALL) ALL”

www-data ALL=NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/bconsole

Restart Services

service bacula-director restart

service bacula-fd restart

service bacula-sd restart

Acess URL:

http://server.address/webacula

enter username and password of apache user ‘admin’.

If got zend framework include error add this line to php.ini and restart apache

vi /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini

include_path=”/usr/share/php/libzend-framework-php/”

service apache2 restart

Default ports 9101, 9102 and 9103 are used for bacula-director, bacula-fd and bacula-sd respectively in this tutorial

director-name should remain in bacula-dir.conf, bacula-fd.conf, bacula-sd.conf and client side bacula-fd.conf.

director-password should remain in bacula-dir.conf, bacula-fd.conf, bacula-sd.conf, backupjob.conf and client side bacula-fd.conf.

storage-sd should remain in bacula-dir.conf, bacula-sd.conf, backupjob.conf and restorejob.conf

MyCatalog should remain same in bacula-dir.conf and backupjob.conf

Default(pool) should remain same in bacula-dir.conf, backupjob.conf and restorejob.conf

client-name and file-set should remain same in backupjob.conf and restorejob.conf

Missing Installations

apt-get install php4-dev

apt-get install php5-pgsql

apt-get install php-pear

http://info4admins.com/ubuntu-installing-zend-framework-with-netbeans/

References

http://sysadminsnotes.ru/index.php/staty/stati-pro-linux/29-sistema-rezervnogo-kopirovaniya-bacula-i-veb-panel-webacula

http://askubuntu.com/questions/19317/allow-user-to-sudo-a-script-without-password

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